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Research Article Critique Sample Paper

Research Article Critique Sample Paper

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Research Article Critique Sample Paper

Research Article Critique Sample Paper Requirements

Through this Research Article Critique Sample Paper assignment, the student will:

Critique a peer-reviewed study, and in your own words, describe the research question, sample, design of study, data collection method, findings, and limitations of each. (CO 1, CO2,)
Summarize the research article and evaluate the significance to nursing. Do not just quote the author’s words. Paraphrase the information. (CO 4, CO5).
Guidelines to writing the Paper

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Tips on how to complete this assignment may be found at http://www.brainshark.com/devry/vu?pi=zFmz5THHgzHr05z0&intk=406182077 (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
Download the Research Article Critique List of Articles (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. and select ONE to analyze Research Article Critique Sample Paper.
Retrieve the full-text version of the article from the library. Read it thoroughly.
Introduction (one paragraph): The introduction should be interesting and capture the reader’s attention.
Provide a brief description of the research article to be discussed.
Discuss the purpose of your paper. The purpose statement of the paper should relate to the research article reviewed and the implications that it has to evidence based nursing practice.
You will need to summarize and analyze the information from the article in your own words
Describe the research question for this study in a paragraph.
Describe the research in greater detail.
Include your observations about this question. Research Article Critique Sample Paper.
Discuss events or trends that could have affected this question.
You will need to summarize and analyze the information from the article in your own words
Describe the research design of this study, and in your own words discuss the design.
Discuss the research design of the study.
Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the type of design and hypothesize why the author utilized the design as opposed to others.
You will need to summarize the information from the article in your own words
Describe the sample Research Article Critique Sample Paper.
Briefly describe the sample size used for this study
Make a judgment as to whether the sample size was adequate and defend your answer.
Describe the number or participants and determine if the number of participants was adequate compared to the research question and the intent of the study.
Are these numbers adequate? Discuss gaps in that you identified.
You will need to summarize and analyze the information from the article in your own words
Describe the data collection method(s)’
Who collected the data?
What tools were used?
What were the ethical considerations addressed and discuss gaps you identified.
You will need to summarize and analyze the information from the article in your own words
Describe the limitations of the study.
Identify the limitations within the study
Describe how the limitations could be overcome in subsequent studies
Comment on why limitations are important to list and discuss within a study
You will need to summarize and analyze the information from the article in your own words
Describe the findings reported in the study.
Describe the findings reported in the study
Discuss whether the findings of the study answered the research question posed within the study
Discuss the credibility of the findings
If the findings do not support the research question posed within the study, what do you believe is the reason?
You will need to summarize and analyze the information from the article in your own words
Summary
Summarize important points from the body of your paper including the key components of the Research Article Critique Sample Paper.
Include a statement about the research question and the findings.
Discuss the probability of implementation into practice. Based on these findings, is the evidence that you found on your topic strong enough to suggest a change in practice, or an idea for practice?
End with a concluding statement.
Citations and References must be included to support the information within each topic area. Refer to the APA manual, Chapter 7, for examples of proper reference format. In-text citations are to be noted for all information contained in your paper that is not your original idea or thought. Ask yourself, ”How do I know this?” and then cite the source.
Reference Page: The Reference Page should start on a new page (insert a page break). All references should be cited within the body of the paper as (Author, year) and the full reference should be included in APA format on the reference page. A url link alone is not an adequate reference. See the APA Guidelines in Course Resources for examples of properly formatted references. Research Article Critique Sample Paper.

Purpose

The purpose of this assignment is for the student to learn to examine, analyze, critique, and summarize an original research article. Student is to select an article from the Research Article Critique List of Articles (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. Open the link to find a choice of articles from which you must choose ONE to complete this assignment.

Course Outcomes

Through this assignment, the student will demonstrate the ability to meet the following course outcomes:

CO1: Examine the sources of evidence that contribute to professional nursing practice. (PO7)

CO2: Apply research principles to the interpretation of the content of published research studies. (POs 4 and 8)

CO4: Evaluate published nursing research for credibility and lab significance related to evidence-based practice. (POs 4 and 8)

CO5: Recognize the role of research findings in evidence-based practice. (POs 7 and 8)

Points

The assignment is worth a total of 175 points.

Rubric

Click to view and download the NR439 Research Article Critique Paper Rubric (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.Research Article Critique Sample Paper.

Due Date

You are to submit your paper by Sunday 11:59 p.m. MT at the end of Week 6.

Requirements

Through this assignment, the student will:

Critique a peer-reviewed study, and in your own words, describe the research question, sample, design of study, data collection method, findings, and limitations of each. (CO 1, CO2,)
Summarize the research article and evaluate the significance to nursing. Do not just quote the author’s words. Paraphrase the information. (CO 4, CO5).
Guidelines to writing the Paper

Tips on how to complete this assignment may be found at http://www.brainshark.com/devry/vu?pi=zFmz5THHgzHr05z0&intk=406182077 (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
Download the Research Article Critique List of Articles (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. and select ONE to analyze.
Retrieve the full-text version of the article from the library. Read it thoroughly.

Introduction (one paragraph):

The introduction should be interesting and capture the reader’s attention.
Provide a brief description of the research article to be discussed.
Discuss the purpose of your paper. The purpose statement of the paper should relate to the research article reviewed and the implications that it has to evidence based nursing practice.
You will need to summarize and analyze the information from the article in your own words

Describe the research question for this study in a paragraph.
Describe the research in greater detail.
Include your observations about this question.
Research Article Critique Sample Paper Discuss events or trends that could have affected this question.
You will need to summarize and analyze the information from the article in your own words

Describe the research design of this study, and in your own words discuss the design.

Discuss the research design of the study.
Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the type of design and hypothesize why the author utilized the design as opposed to others.
You will need to summarize the information from the article in your own words

Describe the sample.
Briefly describe the sample size used for this study
Make a judgment as to whether the sample size was adequate and defend your answer.
Describe the number or participants and determine if the number of participants was adequate compared to the research question and the intent of the study.
Are these numbers adequate? Discuss gaps in that you identified.
You will need to summarize and analyze the information from the article in your own words
Describe the data collection method(s)’
Who collected the data?
What tools were used? Research Article Critique Sample Paper.
What were the ethical considerations addressed and discuss gaps you identified.
You will need to summarize and analyze the information from the article in your own words
Describe the limitations of the study.
Identify the limitations within the study
Describe how the limitations could be overcome in subsequent studies
Comment on why limitations are important to list and discuss within a study
You will need to summarize and analyze the information from the article in your own words
Describe the findings reported in the study.
Describe the findings reported in the study
Discuss whether the findings of the study answered the research question posed within the study
Discuss the credibility of the findings
If the findings do not support the research question posed within the study, what do you believe is the reason?
You will need to summarize and analyze the information from the article in your own words Research Article Critique Sample Paper.

Summary
Summarize important points from the body of your paper including the key components of the paper.
Include a statement about the research question and the findings.
Discuss the probability of implementation into practice. Based on these findings, is the evidence that you found on your topic strong enough to suggest a change in practice, or an idea for practice?
End with a concluding statement.

Citations and References must be included to support the information within each topic area. Refer to the APA manual, Chapter 7, for examples of proper reference format. In-text citations are to be noted for all information contained in your paper that is not your original idea or thought. Ask yourself, ”How do I know this?” and then cite the source.
Reference Page: The Reference Page should start on a new page (insert a page break). All references should be cited within the body of the paper as (Author, year) and the full reference should be included in APA format on the reference page. A url link alone is not an adequate reference. See the APA Guidelines in Course Resources for examples of properly formatted references Research Article Critique Sample Paper.

 

Research Article Critique Paper Rubric

 

Criteria Ratings Pts
Research Question

(Describe, analyze, and summarize the research question for this study your own words.) Research Article Critique Sample Paper

Fully describes, analyzes, and summarizes the research question in detail

20.0 pts

Generally, describes, and analyzes the research question.

18.0 pts

Briefly summarizes the research question, but omits some aspects of the question.

16.0 pts

Incorrectly describes the research question.

8.0 pts

Does not describe the research question.

0.0 pts

20.0 pts
Design of Study

(Describe, analyze, and summarize the research design of this study in your own words.)

Fully describes, analyzes, and summarizes the design of the study in detail.

20.0 pts

Generally, describes, and analyzes the design of the study.

18.0 pts

Briefly summarizes the design of the study, but omits some aspects of the design.

16.0 pts

Incorrectly describes the design of the study.

8.0 pts

Does not describe the design of the study.

0.0 pts

20.0 pts
Sample/Population of the Study

(Describe, analyze, and summarize the sample in your own words.)

Fully describes, analyzes, and summarizes the sample used in the study in detail.

25.0 pts

Generally, describes, and analyzes the sample used in the study.

22.0 pts

Briefly summarizes the sample used in the study, but omits some details.

20.0 pts

Incorrectly describes the sample in the study, or omits major details

10.0 pts

Does not describe the sample used in the study.

0.0 pts

25.0 pts
Data Collection Methods

(Describe, analyze, and summarize the data collection method(s)’ in your own words.)

Fully describes, analyzes, and summarizes all of the data collection methods used in the study.

25.0 pts

Generally, describes, and analyzes the majority of data collection methods used in the study.

22.0 pts

Briefly summarizes and describes parts of the data collection method used in the study.

20.0 pts

Incorrectly describes the data collection method used in the study.

10.0 pts

Does not describe the data collection method used in the study.

0.0 pts Research Article Critique Sample Paper

25.0 pts
Limitations

(Describe, analyze, and summarize the limitations of the study in your own words.)

Fully describes, analyzes, and summarizes the limitations found in the study in detail.

20.0 pts

Generally, describes, and analyzes the limitations found in the study.

18.0 pts

Briefly summarizes the limitations found in the study.

16.0 pts

Incorrectly describes the limitations found in the study.

8.0 pts

Does not describe the limitations found in the study.

0.0 pts

20.0 pts
Findings

(Describe, analyze, and summarize the findings reported in the study in your own words)

Fully describes, analyzes, and summarizes the findings of the study in detail.

20.0 pts

Generally, describes, and analyzes the findings of the study.

18.0 pts

Briefly summarizes the findings of the study.

16.0 pts

Incorrectly identifies the findings from the study

8.0 pts

Does not describe the findings of the study.

0.0 pts

20.0 pts
Summary of Article

(Summarize important points from the body of your paper including the key components of the paper and discuss the probability of implementation into practice.)

Summarizes study in detail and states specific rationale for whether a change in practice is warranted.

25.0 pts

Generally, summarizes study. Gives broad rationale for whether a change in practice is warranted.

22.0 pts

Briefly summarizes study and states rationale for whether a change in practice is warranted.

20.0 pts

Minimally summarizes study. Gives poor rationale for whether a change in practice is warranted.

10.0 pts

Does not summarize study and does not give rationale for whether a change in practice is warranted.

0.0 pts

25.0 pts
Grammar, Punctuation, and Spelling/ APA Formatting

(No errors in grammar, punctuation, spelling, and APA formatting.)

No errors in grammar, punctuation, APA, and spelling.

20.0 pts

One to four errors in grammar, spelling.

18.0 pts

Five to eight errors in grammar, spelling, and syntax.

16.0 pts

Nine to twelve errors in grammar, spelling, and syntax.

8.0 pts

Thirteen or more errors to the point where it is difficult to understand the meaning of the student’s writing.

0.0 pts

20.0 pts
Total Points: 175.0 Research Article Critique Sample Paper

 

The Personality Profile and Short‑term Treatment Outcome in Patients with Alcohol Dependence (Case Study of South India)

The Personality Profile and Short‑term Treatment Outcome in Patients with Alcohol Dependence (Case Study of South India)

Introduction

Alcohol misuse and addiction are rampant world over with grave impacts to the affected. Notably, global alcohol abuse contributes to 4% of all deaths and atleast 5% of global toll on disease burden. However, even more alarming is the substance’s growing prevalence in India with the daily use at 9.4% while the weekly intake stands at a high of 26.7%. Besides, at least 17% of the countries neuropsychiatric disorders are attributed to alcohol. Nonetheless, studies on alcohol have extensively focused on the environment related risk factors and the correlation between alcohol abuse and personality. Moreover, Soundararajan, et al. (2017) observes that studies on the correlation between alcohol and personality have centered on other countries without any case study in the Indian context. Further, there are few studies investigating the correlation between treatment outcome and personality.

Intending to fill this research gap, Soundararajan, et al. (2017) conducted a study investigating the correlation between Personality and alcohol dependence, which unveiled illuminating results. The study results highlighted that the extroverts are at a higher risk of alcohol indulgence and relapse. Consequently, the research input is essential to the evidence based nursing practitioners since it points out personality as influencing the treatment outcome in alcohol related cases. In this regard, this paper provides an in depth review of the study, critique and the studies significance to nursing practice. Research Article Critique Sample Paper.

Research question,

The study investigated the role of personality in facilitating alcohol abstinence or contributing to relapse. In this regard, underlining the study’s primary objective, the key research questions can be deduced as; does personality influence alcohol abstinence or relapse? As such, treatment outcome was the study’s dependent variable while personality was the independent variable. For example, the study assumed that in alcohol abuse cases the outcome (either relapse or abstinence) was influenced by an individual’s personality. However, the study could also be said to have intervening variables. Simply defined, intervening variables are other factors likely to influence the dependent variable. Possible intervening variables in this study include the social demographic factors such as age, education level, religion, and economic status, all of which are likely to influence alcohol abstinence or relapse.

Design of study,

The study employed the prospective research design. In prospective design, the researcher selects test subjects and watches them for a set period. Further, in prospective design the level of exposure is investigated at the on set of the study after which consequent development is tracked. In our case, the researcher recruited 99 participants who were assessed for alcohol dependence (exposure) after which they were then followed up after three months. Research Article Critique Sample Paper. Arguably, prospective design is more accurate in data collection compared to the retrospective design, since it hurbors few areas of possible biases. Research Article Critique Sample Paper. In this regard, the researcher was assured of higher accuracy after eliminating or limiting possible selection bias. To this end by enacting a multitude of measures including NEO personality inventory (NEO‑PI‑R), SWL, mini‑international neuropsychiatric interview (MINI), and alcohol use disorders identification test (AUDIT) played a significant role to eliminate possible selection biases.

However, the design is mainly criticized as ineffient due to the long period for follow up before collection of results. Moreover, since the inferences from the results are largely association rather than causian the design is argued to inhibits certainty of the underlying premise. For instance, there is lack of certainty on the possible correlation between personality and treatment outcome in our case since it is not clear to what extent other an assessed factors might have influenced the results Research Article Critique Sample Paper.

Research Sample

In our case, the sample constituted 99 participants who underwent the baseline exposure assessment. The sample was spread across various demographics including age gender, religion, marriage, economic status among others. This sample was adequate for this study since it had incorporated representatives from various demographics. However, the study might have failed to  assess the question under study effectively considering that the relapse as a variable was derived from an assumption that the 17 participants who could not be reached for the three moth followup constituted the relapsers. In this regard, the researcher inference was extensively generalised without consideration that other factors such as relocation may have contributed to the participants unavailability for follow up.

Data collection method

Participants in the study were outsourced from in- patient and outpatients units of a rehabilitation facility in India using prospective design. The primary data collection tool was the questionnaire. However, phone interviews were also conducted in cases where the patients could not avail themselves for the three months follow up. For the purpose of record, the researchers took the respondents socio demographic data on the first visit. Consequently, the participants were followed up for 3 months and administered with questionnaires for feedback. Additionally, alcohol use identification tests were carried out to assess relapsers and abstainers. However, since the participants were outsourced by simply meeting the inclusion criteria, some might have felt coerced into taking part in the study. In this regard, there was need to brief the participants about the study. Research Article Critique Sample Paper Besides, the families of the participants should have been briefed to facilitate the treatment process of the participants.

Limitations of the study

Since not all of the participants availed themselves for follow up, the assumption that the unavailable participants constituted the relapsers was in adequate. As such, the credibility of the research findings cannot be guaranteed to be 100 percent correct. Additionally, the death of three of the participants due to complications resulting from withdrawal also affected the credibility of the research findings. However, in future, researchers need to outsource participants who can be easily accessed and monitored for instance in patients from institutions such as rehabilitation centers. Besides, not only should the participation be voluntary but the participants should also be sensitized and briefed on the importance of progressing with the research. Research Article Critique Sample Paper. Nonetheless, the limitations in any study help future studies to fill gaps experienced by previous researchers. Moreover, recommendations from previous studies go a long way in facilitating and enhancing, and coming up with suggestions of prospective areas of study.

Research Article Critique Sample Paper Findings

In the study, out of the 99 participants with a mean age of age of 37 (±8.36) years, 82 of them were assessed after 3 months. Extraversion traits correlated to alcohol problems, with participants with high activity exhibiting successful treatment outcomes. Additionally, there was a significant variation between abstainers and relapsers with majority of the relapsers being from the lower socio-economic class. However, there was no significant correlation between relapsers and heavy initial drinking. Finally, there was a significant variation between relapsers and abstainers with regard to age at first drinking. Research Article Critique Sample Paper.

In this regard, the findings of the study showed that there was a correlation between personality traits with alcohol misuse and relapse in India. However, the credibility of the findings could be affected by telephonic follow up since their feedback could not be verified  Nonetheless, considering that a big percentage of the participants availed themselves for  follow up, the relevance of the finding is still valid.

Summary

From the study, it is evident that there is a correlation between alcoholism and personality traits primarily extraversion. In this regard, extroverts exhibiting high activity are prone to higher risks of alcohol misuse, which in turn has been argued as inhibiting abstinence. However, other factors such as initial heavy drinking, early drinking, emotional distress, and economic instabilities were at play. For instance, in the study, approximately three fifths of the participants who had experienced suicidal thoughts relapsed Research Article Critique Sample Paper.

The study has a significant impact to the evidence based nursing practitioners. For instance, the study illustrates a possible influence of personality on the treatment outcome. Research Article Critique Sample Paper. As such, nursing practitioners can infer the possibility of success of a selected intervention in alcohol related cases. Notably, the practitioners are most likely to conduct a thorough assessment of a patient’s personality with heightened focus on the patients deemed to be possessing extrovert traits Research Article Critique Sample Paper. Moreover, besides studying personality traits of victims, the study recommends that clinicians should give more focus to patients with anxiety comorbid social disorders to improve treatment outcomes.

 

References

Soundararajan S, Narayanan G, Agrawal A, Murthy P. (2017). Personality profile and short-term treatment outcome in patients with alcohol dependence: A study from South India. Indian J Psychol Med; 39:169-75.Retrieved from, http://www.ijpm.info on Friday, March 31, 2017, IP: 202.177.173.189 Research Article Critique Sample Paper

 

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