Your perfect assignment is just a click away

We Write Custom Academic Papers

100% Original, Plagiarism Free, Customized to your instructions!

NURS 6512 Week 6: Assessment of the Abdomen and Gastrointestinal System

NURS 6512 Week 6: Assessment of the Abdomen and Gastrointestinal System

Nursing Experts

NURS 6512 Week 6: Assessment of the Abdomen and Gastrointestinal System

NURS 6512 Week 6: Assessment of the Abdomen and Gastrointestinal System

Week 6: Assessment of the Abdomen and Gastrointestinal System

On your way home from dinner, you start experiencing sharp pains in your abdomen. You ate seafood—could you have food poisoning? What else might be causing your pain? Appendicitis? Should you head to the emergency room, or should you wait and see how you feel in the morning?

Numerous ailments can affect the GI system and the abdomen. Because the organs are so close, it can be difficult to conduct an accurate assessment. Also, pain in another area of the body can affect the GI system. For example, patients with chronic migraines often report nausea.

This week, you will explore how to assess the abdomen and gastrointestinal system.

Learning Objectives – Week 6: Assessment of the Abdomen and Gastrointestinal System

Students will:

  • Evaluate abnormal abdomen and gastrointestinal findings
  • Apply concepts, theories, and principles relating to health assessment techniques and diagnoses for the abdomen and gastrointestinal system

Photo Credit: Hill Creek Pictures/UpperCut Images/Getty Images


Learning Resources – Week 6: Assessment of the Abdomen and Gastrointestinal System

Note: To access this week’s required library resources, please click on the link to the Course Readings List, found in the Course Materials section of your Syllabus.

Required Readings

Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W. (2015). Seidel’s guide to physical examination (8th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby.

    • Chapter 4, “Vital Signs and Pain Assessment” (pp. 50-63)This chapter describes the experience of pain and its causes. The authors also describe the process of pain assessment. NURS 6512 Week 6: Assessment of the Abdomen and Gastrointestinal System.

 

  • Chapter 17, “Abdomen” (pp. 370-415)In this chapter, the authors summarize the anatomy and physiology of the abdomen. The authors also explain how to conduct an assessment on the abdomen.

Dains, J. E., Baumann, L. C., & Scheibel, P. (2016). Advanced health assessment and clinical diagnosis in primary care (5th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby.

    • Chapter 3, “Abdominal Pain” (pp. 11-32)This chapter outlines how to collect a focused history on abdominal pain. This is followed by what to look for in a physical examination in order to make an accurate diagnosis.
    • Chapter 10, “Constipation” (pp. 110-117)The focus of this chapter is on identifying the causes of constipation through taking a focused history, conducting physical examinations, and performing laboratory tests.
  • Chapter 12, “Diarrhea” (pp. 133-147)In this chapter, the authors focus on diagnosing the cause of diarrhea. The chapter includes questions to ask patients about the condition, things to look for in a physical exam, and suggested laboratory or diagnostic studies to perform.
  • Chapter 29, “Rectal Pain, Itching, and Bleeding” (pp. 344-356)This chapter focuses on how to diagnose rectal bleeding and pain. It includes a table containing possible diagnoses, the accompanying physical signs, and suggested diagnostic studies.

Sullivan, D. D. (2019). Guide to clinical documentation (3rd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis.

  • Chapter 10, “Admitting a Patient to the Hospital” (pp. 217-238)

Note: Download this Adult Examination Checklist and Abdomen Physical Exam Summary to use during your practice abdominal examination.

Seidel, H. M., Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W. (2011). Adult examination checklist: Guide for abdominal assessment. In Mosby’s guide to physical examination (7th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby.

This Adult Examination Checklist: Guide for Abdominal Assessment was published as a companion to Seidel’s guide to physical examination (8th ed.), by Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., & Flynn, J. A. Copyright Elsevier (2015). From https://evolve.elsevier.com/

Seidel, H. M., Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W. (2011). Physical exam summary: Abdomen. In Mosby’s guide to physical examination (7th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby.

This Abdomen Physical Exam Summary was published as a companion to Seidel’s guide to physical examination (8th ed.), by Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., & Flynn, J. A. Copyright Elsevier (2015). From https://evolve.elsevier.com/

University of Virginia. (n.d.). Introduction to radiology: An online interactive tutorial. Retrieved from http://www.med-ed.virginia.edu/courses/rad/index.html. This website provides an introduction to radiology and imaging. For this week, focus on gastrointestinal radiology.

Required Media

Online media for Seidel’s Guide to Physical Examination

 

It is highly recommended that you access and view the resources included with the course text, Seidel’s Guide to Physical Examination. Focus on the videos and animations in Chapters 7, and 17 that relate to the assessment of the abdomen and gastrointestinal system. Refer to Week 4 for access instructions on https://evolve.elsevier.com/. NURS 6512 Week 6: Assessment of the Abdomen and Gastrointestinal System.

Optional Resources- Week 6: Assessment of the Abdomen and Gastrointestinal System

LeBlond, R. F., Brown, D. D., & DeGowin, R. L. (2014). DeGowin’s diagnostic examination (10th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill Medical.

    • Chapter 9, “The Abdomen, Perineum, Anus, and Rectosigmoid” (pp. 445–527)This chapter explores the health assessment processes for the abdomen, perineum, anus, and rectosigmoid. This chapter also examines the symptoms of many conditions in these areas.
  • Chapter 10, “The Urinary System” (pp. 528–540)In this chapter, the authors provide an overview of the physiology of the urinary system. The chapter also lists symptoms and conditions of the urinary system. NURS 6512 Week 6: Assessment of the Abdomen and Gastrointestinal System.

A woman went to the emergency room for severe abdominal cramping. She was diagnosed with diverticulitis; however, as a precaution, the doctor ordered a CAT scan. The CAT scan revealed a growth on the pancreas, which turned out to be pancreatic cancer—the real cause of the cramping.

Because of a high potential for misdiagnosis, determining the precise cause of abdominal pain can be time-consuming and challenging. By analyzing case studies of abnormal abdominal findings, nurses can prepare themselves to better diagnose conditions in the abdomen.

In this assignment, you will analyze a SOAP note case study that describes abnormal findings in patients seen in a clinical setting. You will consider what history should be collected from the patients, as well as which physical exams and diagnostic tests should be conducted. You will also formulate a differential diagnosis with several possible conditions.

Abdominal Assessment

SUBJECTIVE:

  • CC: “My stomach hurts, I have diarrhea and nothing seems to help.”
  • HPI: JR, 47 yo WM, complains of having generalized abdominal pain that started 3 days ago. He has not taken any medications because he did not know what to take. He states the pain is a 5/10 today but has been as much as 9/10 when it first started. He has been able to eat, with some nausea afterwards.
  • PMH: HTN, Diabetes, hx of GI bleed 4 years ago
  • Medications: Lisinopril 10mg, Amlodipine 5 mg, Metformin 1000mg, Lantus 10 units qhs
  • Allergies: NKDA
  • FH: No hx of colon cancer, Father hx DMT2, HTN, Mother hx HTN, Hyperlipidemia, GERD
  • Social: Denies tobacco use; occasional etoh, married, 3 children (1 girl, 2 boys)

OBJECTIVE:

  • VS: Temp 99.8; BP 160/86; RR 16; P 92; HT 5’10”; WT 248lbs
  • Heart: RRR, no murmurs
  • Lungs: CTA, chest wall symmetrical
  • Skin: Intact without lesions, no urticaria
  • Abd: soft, hyperctive bowel sounds, pos pain in the LLQ
  • Diagnostics: None
  • NURS 6512 Week 6: Assessment of the Abdomen and Gastrointestinal System

ASSESSMENT:

  • Left lower quadrant pain
  • Gastroenteritis
  • PLAN: This section is not required for the assignments in this course (NURS 6512) but will be required for future courses.

To prepare:

With regard to the SOAP note case study provided:

  • Review this week’s Learning Resources, and consider the insights they provide about the case study.
  • Consider what history would be necessary to collect from the patient in the case study.
  • Consider what physical exams and diagnostic tests would be appropriate to gather more information about the patient’s condition. How would the results be used to make a diagnosis?
  • Identify at least five possible conditions that may be considered in a differential diagnosis for the patient.

To complete:

  1. Analyze the subjective portion of the note. List additional information that should be included in the documentation.
  2. Analyze the objective portion of the note. List additional information that should be included in the documentation.
  3. Is the assessment supported by the subjective and objective information? Why or Why not?
  4. What diagnostic tests would be appropriate for this case and how would the results be used to make a diagnosis?
  5. Would you reject/accept the current diagnosis? Why or why not? Identify three possible conditions that may be considered as a differential diagnosis for this patient. Explain your reasoning using at least 3 different references from current evidence based literature.

By Day 7

This assignment is due.

Submission and Grading Information

Grading Criteria

To access your rubric:

Week 6 Assignment Rubric

Check Your Assignment Draft for Authenticity

To check your Assignment draft for authenticity:

Submit your Week 6 Assignment draft and review the originality report.

Submit Your Assignment by Day 7

To submit your Assignment:

Week 6 Assignment


Week 6 Midterm Exam

This exam is a test of your knowledge in preparation for your certification exam. No outside resources including books, notes, websites, or any other type of resource are to be used to complete this exam. You are expected to comply with Walden University’s Code of Conduct.

This exam will be on topics covered in weeks 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. Prior to starting the exam, you should review all of your materials. This exam is timed with a limit of two hours for completion. When time is up, your exam will automatically submit.

Assignment 2 (Optional) Practice Assessment: Abdominal Examination

The causes of abdominal pain can be extremely varied due to the sheer number of structures, organs, and functions within the abdomen. If abdominal pain is caused by a life-threatening condition, then swift and accurate assessment is essential.

In preparation for the Head-to-Toe Physical Assessment Video due in Week 10, it is recommended that you practice performing an abdominal examination this week.

Note: This is an optional practice physical assessment. You do not have to capture a video of this assessment, as no submission is required.

To prepare:

  • Arrange an appropriate time and setting with your volunteer “patient” to perform an abdominal examination.
  • Download and review Adult Examination Checklist: Guide for Abdominal Assessment provided in this week’s Learning Resources.
  • To perform the examination, ensure that you have a stethoscope, a centimeter ruler, measuring tape, and marking pens to mark the areas of measurement for consistency in measuring. NURS 6512 Week 6: Assessment of the Abdomen and Gastrointestinal System.

To complete:

  • Perform the abdominal examination. Be sure to cover all of the areas listed in the checklist and to use the equipment appropriately.

Rubric Detail

 

Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout.

Content

Excellent Good Fair Poor
Quality of Work Submitted:
The extent of which work meets the assigned criteria and work reflects graduate level critical and analytic thinking.
Points Range: 27 (27%) – 30 (30%)
Assignment exceeds expectations. All topics are addressed with a minimum of 75% containing exceptional breadth and depth about each of the assignment topics.
Points Range: 24 (24%) – 26 (26%)
Assignment meets expectations. All topics are addressed with a minimum of 50% containing good breadth and depth about each of the assignment topics.
Points Range: 21 (21%) – 23 (23%)
Assignment meets most of the expectations. One required topic is either not addressed or inadequately addressed.
Points Range: 0 (0%)– 20 (20%)
Assignment superficially meets some of the expectations. Two or more required topics are either not addressed or inadequately addressed.
Assimilation and Synthesis of Ideas:
The extent to which the work reflects the student’s ability to:Understand and interpret the assignment’s key concepts.
Points Range: 27 (27%) – 30 (30%)
Demonstrates the ability to critically appraise and intellectually explore key concepts.
Points Range: 24 (24%) – 26 (26%)
Demonstrates a clear understanding of key concepts.
Points Range: 21 (21%) – 23 (23%)
Shows some degree of understanding of key concepts.
Points Range: 0 (0%)– 20 (20%)
Shows a lack of understanding of key concepts, deviates from topics.
Assimilation and Synthesis of Ideas:
The extent to which the work reflects the student’s ability to:Apply and integrate material in course resources (i.e. video, required readings, and textbook) and credible outside resources.

NURS 6512 Week 6: Assessment of the Abdomen and Gastrointestinal System

Points Range: 18 (18%) – 20 (20%)
Demonstrates and applies exceptional support of major points and integrates 2 or more credible outside sources, in addition to 2-3 course resources to support point of view.
Points Range: 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)
Integrates specific information from 1 credible outside resource and 2-3 course resources to support major points and point of view.
Points Range: 14 (14%) – 15 (15%)
Minimally includes and integrates specific information from 2-3 resources to support major points and point of view.
Points Range: 0 (0%)– 13 (13%)
Includes and integrates specific information from 0 to 1 resource to support major points and point of view.
Written Expression and FormattingParagraph/Sentence Structure: Paragraphs make clear points that support well developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are clearly structured and carefully focused–neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance.
Points Range: 9 (9%) – 10 (10%)
Paragraphs/Sentences follow writing standards for structure, flow, continuity and clarity
Points Range: 8 (8%)– 8 (8%)
Paragraphs/sentences follow writing standards for structure, flow, continuity and clarity 80% of the time.
Points Range: 7 (7%)– 7 (7%)
Paragraphs/sentences follow writing standards for structure, flow, continuity and clarity 60%- 79% of the time.
Points Range: 0 (0%)– 6 (6%)
Paragraphs/sentences follow writing standards for structure, flow, continuity and clarity < 60% of the time.
Written Expression and FormattingEnglish writing standards: Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuation.
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)
Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.
Points Range: 3 (3%)– 4 (4%)
Contains a few (1-2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.
Points Range: 2 (2%)– 2 (2%)
Contains several (3-4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.
Points Range: 0 (0%)– 1 (1%)
Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.
Written Expression and FormattingThe assignment follows parenthetical/in-text citations, and at least 3 evidenced based references are listed.
Points Range: 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)
Contains parenthetical/in-text citations and at least 3 evidenced based references are listed.
Points Range: 3 (3%)– 4 (4%)
Contains parenthetical/in-text citations and at least 2 evidenced based references are listed
Points Range: 2 (2%)– 2 (2%)
Contains parenthetical/in-text citations and at least 1 evidenced based reference is listed
Points Range: 0 (0%)– 1 (1%)
Contains no parenthetical/in-text citations and 0 evidenced based references listed.
Total Points: 100
Nursing Experts

Nursing Experts

Our Service Charter

1. Professional & Expert Writers: Nursing Online Papers only hires the best. Our writers are specially selected and recruited, after which they undergo further training to perfect their skills for specialization purposes. Moreover, our writers are holders of masters and Ph.D. degrees. They have impressive academic records, besides being native English speakers.

2. Top Quality Papers: Our customers are always guaranteed of papers that exceed their expectations. All our writers have +5 years of experience. This implies that all papers are written by individuals who are experts in their fields. In addition, the quality team reviews all the papers before sending them to the customers.

3. Plagiarism-Free Papers: All papers provided by Nursing Online Papers are written from scratch. Appropriate referencing and citation of key information are followed. Plagiarism checkers are used by the Quality assurance team and our editors just to double-check that there are no instances of plagiarism.

4. Timely Delivery: Time wasted is equivalent to a failed dedication and commitment. Nursing Online Papers is known for timely delivery of any pending customer orders. Customers are well informed of the progress of their papers to ensure they keep track of what the writer is providing before the final draft is sent for grading.

5. Affordable Prices: Our prices are fairly structured to fit in all groups. Any customer willing to place their assignments with us can do so at very affordable prices. In addition, our customers enjoy regular discounts and bonuses.

6. 24/7 Customer Support: At Nursing Online Papers, we have put in place a team of experts who answer to all customer inquiries promptly. The best part is the ever-availability of the team. Customers can make inquiries anytime.