Week 1: Emerging and Re-emerging Infections Across the Lifespan
Infections, if not treated properly, can lead to potentially fatal complications that otherwise could have been prevented. Unfortunately, patients who are sick or recovering from surgery are at greater risk of developing infections. While hospitals and other medical facilities have strict policies about cleanliness and have measures in place to help prevent the spread of infectious organisms, it is not always possible to be 100% effective. There is no firewall protection against viruses and potential infections from occurring in these health care settings. For this reason, it is critical that nurses and other medical workers be aware of potential hazards in order to recognize symptoms of infection.
This week, you will consider the many emerging and re-emerging infections that a patient may contract and examine how the quality of care provided by a nurse might help ameliorate the situation. Nurses have an obligation to learn about potential diseases or infections, their symptoms, and the best course for treatment. You will also review different types of infections and explore how nurses can improve the care provided.
- Analyze emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases for nursing practice
- Analyze emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases in local communities
- Analyze the role of the nurse in preventing and managing the impact of infectious diseases
- Develop Fact Sheets on an infectious disease to use as a guide to improve public health
Gonsalves, G., Staley, P. (2014). Panic, paranoia, and public health—The AIDS epidemic’s lessons for Ebola. New England Journal of Medicine, 371(25), 2348– 2349.
Halm, M. A., & O’Connor, N. (2014). Do system-based interventions affect catheterassociated urinary tract infection? American Journal of Critical Care, 23(6), 505-509. doi:10.4037/ajcc2014689
National Institutes of Health. (2007). Understanding emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK20370/
Petlin, A., Schallom, M., Prentice, D., Sona, C., Mantia, P., McMullen, K., & Landholt, C. (2014). Chlorhexidine gluconate bathing to reduce methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus acquisition. Critical Care Nurse, 34(5), 17–26. doi:10.40377/ccn2014943
Pokrywka, M., Feigel, J., Douglas, B., Grossberger, S., Hensler, A. & Weber, D. (2014). A bundle strategy including patient hand hygiene to decrease clostridium difficile infections. MedSurg Nursing, 23(3), 145-164.
Smeulers, M., Lucas, C., & Vermeulen, H. (2014). Effectiveness of different nursing handover styles for ensuring continuity of information in hospitalised patients. The Cochrane Database Of Systematic Reviews, (6), CD009979
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). Ebola (Ebola virus disease). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/hcp/index.html?s_cid=cs_4318
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Zika virus. Retrieved August 11, 2016, from http://www.cdc.gov/
Laureate Education. (Producer). (2009c). Topics in clinical nursing: Emerging and re-emerging infections across the lifespan [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.
Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 9 minutes.
Discussion: Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases
As presented in this week’s readings, many individuals acquire infections in the community as well as during treatment in the hospital. As a nurse, it is important to know what is going on in the world. In addition to reading scholarly literature, reading the paper and watching the news helps to keep a nurse aware of what is going on currently. In addition, many organizations like the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) track current health trends and post updates on their websites, along with Fact Sheets to help educate, prevent, and treat new and re-emerging diseases. These Fact Sheets are made to be short and easy to read so that health care professionals and patients are more likely to read and understand the information.
For this Discussion, you will examine an emerging or re-emerging disease and the nurse’s role in prevention and management of the disease. Locate an article in a newspaper, in a lay magazine, or on an organizational website that discusses an emerging or re-emerging infectious disease that is currently affecting your community. Reflect on the article you selected and think about how the emerging or re-emerging disease might affect nursing practice.
By Day 3
Respond to the following:
Briefly summarize the article you selected and provide the reference. Then, address the following:
- What implications does the disease have for nursing practice?
- How does the emergence of this disease affect your personal practice?
- Why do you think that this disease is emerging/re-emerging?
- What is the nurse’s role in preventing and managing the impact of infectious diseases both from the patient and nurse perspective?
Support your response with references from the professional nursing literature.
Note Initial Post: A 3-paragraph (at least 350 words) response. Be sure to use evidence from the readings and include in-text citations. Utilize essay-level writing practice and skills, including the use of transitional material and organizational frames. Avoid quotes; paraphrase to incorporate evidence into your own writing. A reference list is required. Use the most current evidence (usually ≤ 5 years old).
By Day 7
Read two or more of your colleagues’ postings from the Discussion question (support with evidence if indicated).
Respond with a comment that asks for clarification, provides support for, or contributes additional information to two or more of your colleagues’ postings.
Post a Discussion entry on three different days of the week. Refer to the Discussion Rubric found in the Course Information and Grading Criteria area.
Submission and Grading Information
To access your rubric:
Week 1 Discussion Rubric
Post by Day 3 and Respond by Day 7
To participate in this Discussion:
Week 1 Discussion
Assignment: Emerging and Re-emerging Diseases Fact Sheet
Sir Francis Bacon said, “Knowledge is power.” This is most definitely true when it comes to diseases and how to prevent and treat them. As a nurse, you are charged with teaching patients how to prevent infectious diseases and what to do if they become infected. A powerful tool in your arsenal is the Fact Sheet. Usually comprised of one page of easy-to-read content, these leaflets can be distributed easily and can effectively inform your practice.
To prepare for this Assignment:
- Select one disease that is either emerging or re-emerging in the world today.
- Research the disease using both scholarly and non-scholarly resources.
- Determine your audience (patients, other nurses, schools, etc.) that you would want to share the Fact Sheet with.
- Select pieces of information that are appropriate for your audience.
By Day 7
Submit: A 1- to 2-page Fact Sheet.
- Indicate the audience on the Fact Sheet.
- Give a brief history of the disease.
- What are the implications of the spread of the disease?
- How does one detect and prevent the spread of this disease?
- How is this disease treated?
Your Fact Sheet should be visually stimulating, appropriate for your audience, and formatted with bullet points for easy reading.
Support your “facts” with references.
Note: Your Fact Sheet must be supported with at least three scholarly sources of evidence in the literature.
Writing Resources and Program Success Tools
- AWE Checklist (Level 4000)
This checklist will help you self-assess your writing to see if it meets academic writing standards for this course.
- Walden University. (n.d.). Walden templates: General templates: APA course paper template with advice (6th ed.). Retrieved May 31, 2019, from https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/ld.php?content_id=45326751
For this Assignment, review the following:
- AWE Checklist (Level 4000)
- Assignment Rubric
Submission and Grading Information
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- Click the Week 1 Assignment Rubric to review the Grading Criteria for the Assignment.
- Click the Week 1 Assignment link. You will also be able to “View Rubric” for grading criteria from this area.
- Next, from the Attach File area, click on the Browse My Computer button. Find the document you saved as “WK1Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” and click Open.
- If applicable: From the Plagiarism Tools area, click the checkbox for I agree to submit my paper(s) to the Global Reference Database.
- Click on the Submit button to complete your submission.
To access your rubric:
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Submit your Week 1 Assignment draft and review the originality report.
Submit Your Assignment by Day 7
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Week 1 Assignment
Week in Review
This week, you analyzed emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases in local communities and for nursing practice and ways to prevent and manage the impact of them. You also developed a Fact Sheet on an infectious disease as a guide to improving public health.
Next week, you will explore strategies that provide better patient care for those with chronic health problems and how genetics and genomics influence nursing practice.
To go to the next week:
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