Adolescent pregnancy is viewed as a high-risk situation because it poses serious health risks for the mother and the baby. Describe various risk factors or precursors to adolescent pregnancy. Research community and state resources devoted in adolescent pregnancy and describe at least two of these resources. Research the teen pregnancy rates for the last 10 years for your state and community. Has this rate increased or decreased? Discuss possible reasons for an increase or decrease NRS 434NV Adolescent pregnancy essay.
Topic 3 DQ 1
Adolescent pregnancy increases the risks of maternal complications during and after pregnancy. It also increases the risk of the fetus and infant in neonatal care. Complications linked with teen pregnancy are preterm birth, low birth weight, and infant mortality. But age-based biological aspects alone do not increase the rate of fetal deaths. Infants born to teenage mothers have an increased likelihood of a low birth rate owing to behavioral and psychological elements affecting them. NRS 434NV Adolescent pregnancy essay. Psychosocial risk factors must, therefore, be the primary concern during care
Maternal history of poor childhood encounters influence strained outcomes in teen pregnancy. These include physical, sexual, or emotional abuse, intimate partner abuse, or living with persons with mental illness or substance use problems. These experiences increase the subsequence of risky sexual behavior, smoking, alcohol use, and depression. For instance, intimate partner behavior is usually directed towards women more than men. Commonly, women below the age of 24 and those who have not completed high school experience more partner violence (Michael & Wilcox, 2007) NRS 434NV Adolescent pregnancy essay . Besides, children whose mothers have mental issues happen to be at greater risk of psychological problems. These children tend to be neglected or sexually abused. That means these factors predispose young girls to sexual abuse and risky behavior, which predisposes them to teenage pregnancies.
There are many initiatives at the community and state level devoted to preventing teenage pregnancies. Between 2010 and 2015, CDC, the Federal Office of Adolescent Health (OAH), and the Office of Population Affairs partnered to showcase the importance of innovation, multi module community programs for controlling the rate of adolescent pregnancy and births (CDC, 2018). The focus was to reach African Americans and Latino young persons between the age of 15 and 19. One of the community resources is UT Health San Antonio, which provides teen education on pregnancy and empowering family and community awareness on teen health. It focuses on helping them gain confidence, knowledge, and skills to reach full potential. For Young Parents is a community-based resource for sharing information on education and medical rights and parenting of adolescents currently continuing with their education (Child Welfare Information Gateway, n.d). The resource also provides information on where adolescent parents can get support resources, including where to find childcare, support groups, and financial benefits that can help them pull through. These resources are essential to promoting teenage mothers’ health and preventing more young births in the community. NRS 434NV Adolescent pregnancy essay
Adolescent pregnancy and childbearing have significantly reduced in the last ten years. While Kern County still has one of the highest teen pregnancy rates in California, across the state rates are declining to record lows, according to the newest data, from 2017. It shows California with a rate of nearly 14 births per 1,000 females ages 15 to 19. That’s the 16th lowest teen birth rate in the nation, and below the national average of nearly 19 births per 1,000 females in that age range. Arkansas ranks highest with 33; Massachusetts lowest with 8. But within California, there are wide variations. Affluent Marin County has the lowest rate with just over 6 births, while Imperial County is highest, with an Arkansas-like level of just over 33. Kern County, with nearly 32, ranks third-highest and is nearly double the state average. NRS 434NV Adolescent pregnancy essay
Though, teen birth rates are falling in every California county — sometimes dramatically. Kern County’s rate has actually been cut almost in half in just a decade. Many experts cite California’s comprehensive sex education and guarantees of confidential access to birth control. California law allows anyone under 18 to seek birth control services or the morning-after pill on their own. Minors 12 and older can seek treatment for sexually transmitted diseases without parental consent, and as a result of a California Supreme Court ruling they can get an abortionwithout parental consent or notification, but a variety of factors are no doubt at play. Research has even shown that the struggles depicted in MTV’s “16 and Pregnant” and “Teen Mom” may have prompted some teens to be more vigilant about birth control, according to a 2014 Brookings Report. NRS 434NV Adolescent pregnancy essay
In conclusion, adolescent pregnancy is a rampant problem in society today. States and communities must adopt necessary measures, including providing education and support resources to empower young children. Identifying risk factors such as violence is essential to preventing risky behavior. NRS 434NV Adolescent pregnancy essay. A conducive learning environment should be fostered to encourage adolescent school attendance, thus staying away from dangerous sexual activity/practices
Centers for Disease Control. (2018, September 26). Community wide initiatives. https://www.cdc.gov/teenpregnancy/projects-initiatives/communitywide.html
Michael K. Magill|Ryan Wilcox. (2007, May 1). Adolescent pregnancy and associated risks: Not just a result of maternal age. AAFP American Academy of Family Physicians. https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0501/p1310.html
Supporting pregnant and parenting teens. (n.d.). Child Welfare Information Gateway. https://www.childwelfare.gov/topics/preventing/promoting/parenting/pregnant-teens/
Castillo, E., ( October 30, 2019). In California, the Teen Birth Rte has Hit a Record Low. How? Retrieved on January 25, 2021 from: https://calmatters.org/health/2019/10/behind-californias-record-low-teen-birth-rate NRS 434NV Adolescent pregnancy essay
Topic 3 DQ 1 Sample 2
There are various risk factors or precursors to adolescent pregnancy. Some of them are: “Early onset of puberty, siblings who are sexually active, lack of spiritual life, alcohol or drug use, low self-esteem, limited education, and lack of future-oriented goals.” (Southeastern Idaho Public Health, 2019). It is to identify factors that way they can help to be prevented. Not all to are individual. Some factors come from family such as: “Single–parent households, single mothers’ dating behaviors, lack of positive family interaction, lack of parental supervision, lack of positive parent-child communication, mother was a teen parent.” (Southeastern Idaho Public Health, 2019 NRS 434NV Adolescent pregnancy essay.
There are many community and state resources devoted toadolescent pregnancy. One of these services is at Kentucky’s Children’s Hospital. The program is called ‘ Young Parents Program.’ Kentucky’s Children’s Hospital “created this clinic to care for both the young mother and her child at the same appointment, saving time and money. The Young Parents Program provides health and obstetrical care for women age 18 and under throughout pregnancy and after NRS 434NV Adolescent pregnancy essay.
Call 859-257-8801 for an obstetric appointment.” (The University of Kentucky, n.d.) The website to look further into is https://ukhealthcare.uky.edu/kentucky-childrens-hospital/services/young-parents-program. A community resource is the Child welfare information gateway. This program “shares information on the education and medical rights of pregnant and parenting teens currently in school. They also offer information on where teen parents can access support resources such asfinding childcare, finding support groups, and financial benefits.” (Child Welfare Information Gateway, n.d.). The website for this resource is https://www.childwelfare.gov/topics/preventing/promoting/parenting/pregnant-teens/.
According to the CDC teen pregnancy rates have gone down. In 2005 the teen pregnancy rate was 40.5 per 1000 female teenagers. In 2014 the number went down to 35.3 per 1,000 female teenagers and in 2019 the number decreased to 29.1 per 1,000 female teenagers. (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2019). Although the Kentucky teen pregnancy rate has decreased it is still in the top ten highest number of teen pregnancies when compared to other states. NRS 434NV Adolescent pregnancy essay.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2019. Teen Birth Rate by State. In National Center for Health Statistics.Retrieved from http://worldpopulationreview.com/states/teen-pregnancy-rates-by-state/
Child Welfare Information Gateway, n.d. Supporting Pregnant and Parenting Teens. Retrieved from https://www.childwelfare.gov/topics/preventing/promoting/parenting/pregnant-teens/
Southeastern Idaho Public Health, 2019. Risk Factors for Teenage Pregnancy. Retrieved from https://www.siphidaho.org/rephealth/app_risk.php NRS 434NV Adolescent pregnancy essay
The University of Kentucky, n.d. Young Parents Program. In UK Healthcare. Retrieved from https://ukhealthcare.uky.edu/kentucky-childrens-hospital/services/young-parents-program NRS 434NV Adolescent pregnancy essay