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Human becoming theory (Parse theory) by Rosemarie Rizzo Parse essay

Human becoming theory (Parse theory) by Rosemarie Rizzo Parse essay

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Human becoming theory (Parse theory) by Rosemarie Rizzo Parse essay

Human becoming theory (Parse theory) by Rosemarie Rizzo Parse essay

Overview of theory – Human becoming theory

  • Human becoming theory (Parse theory) was developed in 1981 by Rosemarie Rizzo Parse.
  • The theory is intended to guide nursing personnel in their professional practice through focus on quality of life in terms of description and practice.
  • The theory suggests that the personal perception of quality of life should be incorporated as a primary objective of nursing practice (Shives, 2008).

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  • The theory revolves around three assumptions as presented:
    • Meaning:
      • Every individual has the right to freely choose a personal meaning when prioritizing living values.
      • Individual reality is assigned meaning based on lived experiences.
      • Every individual reacts with the environment in the process of living
    • Rhythmicity:
      • Living entails having rhythmic patterns that incorporate mutual processes with the environment.
      • Every individual has rhythmic patterns of interaction with the environment through imaging, valuing and language. Human becoming theory (Parse theory) by Rosemarie Rizzo Parse essay.
    • Transcendence:
      • Every individual is a multidimensional being with emerging possibilities.
      • Set limits can be exceeded through effort.
      • Every individual constantly transforms over time (Shives, 2008).
    • Overall, the theory acknowledges that every individual is a combination of spiritual, sociological, psychological and biological factors.
    • In addition, every individual is a unitary being that is in a mutual and continuous interaction with the environment.
    • Also, every individual is more than the sum of the parts.
    • Additionally, health is the process of becoming and becoming through values being synthesized such that nursing is required to make abstract inferences on how to optimize individual interactions with the environment while going beyond the sum of parts (Black, 2016). Human becoming theory (Parse theory) by Rosemarie Rizzo Parse essay.

Overview of the critique

  • The theory’s application is limited by the requirement that the nurse’s personal values must be congruent with the theory’s view of the world and health.
  • In addition, it is limited by the need for congruence with the nurse’s professional values that include esoteric utility, exoteric foundations and alignment with other health care values.
  • Also, it is limited by the need for congruence with social values in terms of fulfilling public expectations about the role of nurses. Human becoming theory (Parse theory) by Rosemarie Rizzo Parse essay.
  • Additionally, it is limited by the need for social significance in terms of making substantial contributions and differences to the lives of both nursing personnel and their patients (Shives, 2008). Human becoming theory (Parse theory) by Rosemarie Rizzo Parse essay.
  • The theory presents some unique strengths and weaknesses.
    • Strengths
      • It presents nursing as a unique medical discipline that is differentiated from other disciplines.
      • It is useful in educating nursing personnel.
      • It is useful in guiding nursing research methodologies.
      • It offers a framework to guide the inquiry of other nursing theories.
    • Weaknesses
      • It does not present quantifiable results since it does not allow for comparisons
      • It negates the notion that ever individual has a unique lived experience.
      • It is not accessible to novice nursing personnel.
      • It is not applicable to emergency and acute nursing care (Shives, 2008). Human becoming theory (Parse theory) by Rosemarie Rizzo Parse essay

Theorist’s most significant contributions to nursing/health care

  • In presenting human becoming theory, Rosemarie Rizzo Parse made two significant contributions to nursing and health care.
  • The first contribution is the presentation of two paradigms:
    • Firstly, totality paradigm whereby every individual is considered as a system made of spiritual, social, psychological and biological parts. These parts interact with the environment through external and internal stimuli to result in a unique health status. Human becoming theory (Parse theory) by Rosemarie Rizzo Parse essay.
    • Secondly, simultaneity paradigm whereby every individual is a solitary being that is in constant and mutual interaction with the environment, while health status is simply the incidental result of the interaction. This implies that health is a reactive process to equalize the external and internal stimuli resultant from human interaction with the environment (Sitzman & Eichelberge 2011).
  • The second contribution is her presentation of a unique awareness of the interrelationship between health, humans and the universe, thus shifting nursing care aware from the mechanical mass approach towards individualized care models. In fact, the theorist humanizes the nature of nursing care by emphasizing that every human being has unique experiences that must be acknowledged in nursing care thus validating unitary health perceptions (Sitzman & Eichelberge 2011). Human becoming theory (Parse theory) by Rosemarie Rizzo Parse essay.
  • Overall, the theorist presents structural and functional components that seek to improve nursing ecology through placing emphasis on the environment, interaction processes between nursing personnel and their patients, and quality of life as well as health promotion (Marquis & Huston, 2017).

Link between theory and clinical nursing practice

  • The theory offers a unique perspective of nursing practice.
  • Firstly, it transforms all levels of nursing care through emphasis on individual care models.
  • Secondly, it allows nursing personnel to see the patients’ perspective thus improving the efficiency in achieving the desired health outcomes. Human becoming theory (Parse theory) by Rosemarie Rizzo Parse essay.
  • Thirdly, it presents unique health patterns by redefining the nurse-patient relationship.
  • Fourthly, it enhances the awareness of human lived experiences, quality of nursing care, quality of life, and health.
  • Finally, the theory protects and promotes human health through collaborations that protect the environments while integrating actions targeted at coping with environmental and social determinants of health even as problems derived from human interactions with the environment are prevented.
  • Overall, the theory presents a sustainable framework that allows nursing personnel to improve their patients’ quality of life (Sitzman & Eichelberge 2011). Human becoming theory (Parse theory) by Rosemarie Rizzo Parse essay.

 

References

Black, B. (2016). Professional nursing-e-book: concepts & challenges. New York, NY: Elsevier Health Sciences.

Marquis, B. L. & Huston, C. J. (2017). Leadership roles and management functions in nursing: theory and application (9th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.

Shives, L. (2008). Basic concepts of psychiatric-mental health nursing (7th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Sitzman, K. & Eichelberge, L. (2011). Understanding the work of nurse theorists: a creative beginning (2nd ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Human becoming theory (Parse theory) by Rosemarie Rizzo Parse essay.

 

Theory evaluation

The selected theory is Human Becoming Theory presented by Rosemarie Parse. The theory maintains that quality of life is a medical notion best interpreted from each individual patient’s perspective. That is because health is the interpretation of the rhythmic interaction between the individual and the environment, and these interactions are unique and every changing for every individual. A critique of the theory shows that it differentiates nursing from other medical professions through emphasis on acknowledging the uniqueness of each patient as an individual. The acknowledgement presents opportunities for personalized care in practice, acts as a framework for exploring other nursing theories, and presents useful care guidelines. In essence, the theory transforms nursing care through demanding that the patients’ perspective should be incorporated when determining desired health care goals (Shives, 2008). Human becoming theory (Parse theory) by Rosemarie Rizzo Parse essay. Although the theory presents an opportunity for transforming nursing care through personalized care, there are opportunities for further developing and refining the theory in maternal health nursing. Firstly, the theory is focused on conjectural and speculative notions and is not supported by quantifiable results. That is because research on the theory does not present standardized question, does not have control groups, and its results are difficult to compare with other studies. This implies that there is a need to develop strategies for presenting quantifiable results that would make the theory more acceptable. Secondly, the theory does not make use of the nursing process (assess, diagnose, plan, implement and evaluate). Rather, it makes use of philosophical processes. There is a need to align the theory with the nursing process. Thirdly, the theory is not accessible to novice nurses since incorporating the patients’ perspective requires expert skills and extensive experiences. Finally, the theory is not applicable to emergency and acute care since there is not opportunity to acquire the patients’ perspective (Black, 2016; Sitzman & Eichelberge, 2011). Addressing the mentioned concerns is anticipated to improve the theory’s performance. Human becoming theory (Parse theory) by Rosemarie Rizzo Parse essay.

 

References

Black, B. (2016). Professional nursing-e-book: concepts & challenges. New York, NY: Elsevier Health Sciences.

Shives, L. (2008). Basic concepts of psychiatric-mental health nursing (7th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Sitzman, K. & Eichelberge, L. (2011). Understanding the work of nurse theorists: a creative beginning (2nd ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Human becoming theory (Parse theory) by Rosemarie Rizzo Parse essay

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