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Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Discussion Essay Example

Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Discussion Essay Example

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Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Discussion Essay Example

Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Discussion Essay Example

Explanation of whether psychotherapy has a biological basis. Explain how culture, religion, and socioeconomics might influence one’s perspective of the value of psychotherapy treatments. Support your rationale with evidence-based literature.
You may use the following references

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Wheeler, K. (Eds.). (2014). Psychotherapy for the advanced practice psychiatric nurse: A how-to guide for evidence-based practice (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.
• Chapter 1, “The Nurse Psychotherapist and a Framework for Practice” (pp. 3–52) Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Discussion Essay Example

Fournier, J. C., & Price, R. B. (2014). Psychotherapy and neuroimaging. Psychotherapy: New Evidence and New Approaches, 12(3), 290–298. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4207360/

Holttum, S. (2014). When bad things happen our brains change but psychotherapy and support can help the recovery of our brains and our lives. Mental Health and Social Inclusion, 18(2), 52–58. doi:10.1108/MHSI-02-2014-0006 Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Discussion Essay Example

Does Psychotherapy have a Biological Basis?

Explanation of whether psychotherapy has a biological basis.

The brain is a principal body organ system that has primary control over many body and behavioral functions. Occasionally, an individual will exhibit behavior that affects his/her capacity to complete routine tasks or daily life. In fact, there are times when the behavior can affect others in the same environment. The behavioral change, whether involuntary or voluntary, can include (but is not limited to) psychological diagnoses. These diagnosis cannot be considered as disorders since such a designation would identify the individual as abnormal and fail to distinguish that each person is unique, and enjoys diversity in body and brain. This is in recognition of the fact that the societal spectrum for ‘baseline’ or ‘normal’ is intrinsically biased thus adding ambiguity to the understanding of psychiatric and mental conditions. Some conditions will not interfere with the patient’s life even as others do so (Fournier & Price, 2014; Holttum, 2014). Still, it is clear that the behavioral changes linked to psychiatric conditions (requiring psychotherapy intervention) can be minimally considered as changes in the brain state. This means that psychotherapy would target changing the brain state to ‘normal’. These sentiments are supported by neuroimaging that has acknowledged changes in particular regions of the brain that are linked with treatment through psychotherapy Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Discussion Essay Example. As such, it is not hard to accept that applying psychotherapy to treat a psychological conditions basically corrects the brain’s chemical imbalances, with the imbalance neither being viewed as the cause of the behavioral change or a coexisting condition. Rather, independently correcting the balance is a way of returning the brain’s condition to normal (Fournier & Price, 2014). In this respect, the discussed understanding of psychotherapy and how it corrects the chemical imbalances in the brain that can easily be seen through imaging is a clear indication that psychotherapy has a biological basis. Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Discussion Essay Example.

Explain how culture, religion, and socioeconomics might influence one’s perspective of the value of psychotherapy treatments.

Psychotherapy adds the element of self-care to the holistic model of care so that it shifts the aim of care from curative to healing services. This is of importance consideration to culture, religion and socioeconomics since it directly talks to the aspect of relationships (Holttum, 2014). To understand this connection, let us first consider that psychotherapy is intended to reduce symptoms, improve functioning, prevent relapse, and increase empowerment, and achieve the specific collaborative goals set by the patients. At this point, psychotherapy neither views the imbalance (symptoms) as a cause of or coexisting with the ailment. Rather, the imbalance is handled independently. Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Discussion Essay Example. Looking at the holistic model, symptoms are considered as a form of communication that express disharmony and dys-regulation existing within the body. The allopathic model that disregards self-care and psychotherapy would view the symptoms as ‘nuisances’ that should simply be eliminated at the fastest speed through medication. On the other hand, psychotherapy views the symptoms as simply messages that transmit information on the body. By eliminating symptoms, medication is ‘shooting the messenger’. If course, psychotherapy does not eliminate all forms of medication since there are cases when quick relief is necessary to correct a patient’s impaired functioning. In essence, psychotherapy reframes our view of symptoms in relation to an existing problem within the patient’s body and ensures consistency with the mandate for recovery-oriented behavioral care. Tied in to this, it identifies five recovery gold standards that include meaningful role in life, self-responsibility, empowerment, self-esteem, and hope. This makes it clear that psychotherapy focuses on recovery through relationships and partnerships so that the patient acts as the driver for the healing process (Wheeler, 2014). Given the emphasis that psychotherapy places on relationships and partnerships, it can be influenced by culture, religion and socioeconomics that also place emphasis on relationships and partnerships. Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Discussion Essay Example.

 

References

Fournier, J. C., & Price, R. B. (2014). Psychotherapy and neuroimaging. Psychotherapy: New Evidence and New Approaches, 12(3), 290–298. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4207360/

Holttum, S. (2014). When bad things happen our brains change but psychotherapy and support can help the recovery of our brains and our lives. Mental Health and Social Inclusion, 18(2), 52–58. doi:10.1108/MHSI-02-2014-0006 Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Discussion Essay Example

Wheeler, K. (Eds.). (2014). Psychotherapy for the advanced practice psychiatric nurse: A how-to guide for evidence-based practice (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.

Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Discussion Essay Example 2

Mental health processes and disorders originate from mechanisms within the brain. There has been the question within the psychiatric field as to whether plastic changes in the brain that can occur with the use of  pharmacological interventions for mental health disorders could also occur with the use of psychotherapy. Psychotherapy is extremely beneficial in treating several mental health issues (Laureate Education, 2016).There is compounding evidence that psychotherapy does have a biological basis and can have a positive impact in brain recovery from the stress response. According to Wheeler (2014), psychotherapy mediates the reintegration and connection of neural networks that have become maladaptively linked due to adverse life events facilitating healing of the brain. Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Discussion Essay Example. Psychotherapy has been found to be an effective treatment method for a variety of mental health disorders such as anxiety, major depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder. According to Fournier (2014), activity in regions associated with negative emotion, emotion regulation, fear, and reward are associated with respones to psychotherapy, and psychotherapy appears to alter the functioning of these regions.

While proven to be an effective treatment modality for mental health disorders, there are factors such as culture, religion, and socioeconomic background that can affect the client and their perspective on the use of psychotherapy. Psychotherapy within itself can bring conflicting emotions for the client and the clinician must be aware of how religion, culture, and socioeconomics can alter how the client perceives psychotherapy and its efficacy in their treatment. According to Wheeler (2014), the powerful influence of culture permeates all dimensions of out life in a way that is often unconscious Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Discussion Essay Example. For example, if a client comes from a culture where emotions are not to be discusssed or if one discusses there past traumas or fears then the client could be resistant to the role of psychotherapy in their treatment plan. The clinician must be aware of the importance of culture in medical or psychological treatments. Religion also plays an instrumental role in how psychotherapy will be perceived by a client. Many clients may come from a religious background where one only speaks of negative emotions with someone from their clergy or a religious figure. According to Kim, Chen & Brachfeld (2018), religion and spirituality are important issues to consider and address in psychotherapy. Communication could become stagnant if the clinician is not aware of the role religion plays in the psychotherapy framework. Socioeconomic background can also be a variable in one‘s perspective of the value of psychotherapy. Certain traumatic events that a person can suffer throughout their lifetime can be directly correlated to socioeconomic standing. Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Discussion Essay Example. For example, poverty can be associated with depression, anxiety, substance abuse, and mood disorders. Patients from this type of background can experience barriers in both seeking and receiving mental health services. According to Bernal et al. (2017), vulnerable populations such as those low in social status face additional barriers to mental health treatment and experience unique barriers to receiving optimal care.

References

Bernal, D.R., Herbst, R.B., Lewis, B.L., & Feibelman, J. (2017). Ethical care for vulnerable populations receiving psychotropic treatment. Ethics & Behavior, 27(7), 582-598. doi:10.1080/10508422.2016.1224187

Fournier, J.C., & Price, R.B. (2014). Psychotherapy and neuroimaging. Psychotherapy: New Evidence and New Approaches, 12(3), 290-298. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4207360 Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Discussion Essay Example

Kim, E.E., Chen, E.C., & Brachfeld, C. (2018). Patients’ experience of spirituality and change in individual psychotherapy at a Christian counseling clinic: A grounded theory analysis. Spirituality in Clinical Practice, doi:10.1037/scp0000176

Laureate Education (Producer). (2016). Introduction to psychotherapy with individuals [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.

Wheeler, K. (Eds.). (2014). Psychotherapy for the advanced practice psychiatric nurse: A how-to guide for evidence-based practice (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.

Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Discussion Essay Example 3

Psychotherapy is just as controversial as mental health as a whole is. Some believe it is helpful, others believe it is a waste of time. One question still remains unanswered for many, can talking about feelings help change behavior and therefore sure whatever condition a person is suffering from? I believe psychotherapy has a biological basis. Lyrakos, Spinaris, and Spyropoulos (2017) clearly stated as results of a research that “the use of psychotherapy plays a significant role in achieving optimal health outcomes of psychiatric patients” (p. s753). Pairing psychopharmacology with psychotherapy can make a positive impact towards recovery compared to treatment with just psychopharmacology.

Many different reasons can influence the belief that psychotherapy might or might not work. For example, Adams et al. (2017) concluded in an article that “findings suggest that patients’ attachment characteristics play a role in their views and choices regarding treatments” (p. 194). Other factors that can impact the belief that therapy is a waste of time are culture, religion, and socioeconomic status. A person’s upbringing can be one to avoid talking about feelings with a stranger, or even with a loved one. Religion can also play a role in not receiving this type of treatment as faith in a spiritual belief might be the perceived as the cure to an ailment. Economical status and education level can also negatively impact the decision to avoid this type of treatment as the importance of it might not be completely comprehended or there are no means to afford the treatment. In another study that correlates the importance of psychotherapy, data showed “that children/adolescents with not only behavioral and emotional disorders, but also affective (mood) disorders had a higher chance for nondrug psychiatric/psychotherapeutic treatment compared to children with other psychiatric disorders” (Abbas et al., 2017, p. 442).

References

Lyrakos, G., Spinaris, V., & Spyropoulos, I. (2017). The introduction of psychotherapy in

psychiatric outpatients as part of the treatment in the last four years in a Greek

hospital. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 27(4).

Adams, G. C., McWilliams, L. A., Wrath, A. J., Adams, S., & Souza, D. D. (2017).

Relationships between patients’ attachment characteristics and views and use of

psychiatric treatment. Psychiatry Research, 256:194-201. Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Discussion Essay Example

Abbas, S., Ihle, P., Adler, J., Engel, S., Günster, C., Holtmann, M., & …Schubert, I. (2017).

Predictors of non-drug psychiatric/psychotherapeutic treatment in children and

adolescents with mental or behavioral disorders. European Child & Adolescent

            Psychiatry, 26(4).

Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Discussion Essay Example

Does Psychotherapy have a Biological Basis?

Explanation of whether psychotherapy has a biological basis.

The brain is a principal body organ system that has primary control over many body and behavioral functions. Occasionally, an individual will exhibit behavior that affects his/her capacity to complete routine tasks or daily life. In fact, there are times when the behavior can affect others in the same environment. The behavioral change, whether involuntary or voluntary, can include (but is not limited to) psychological diagnoses. These diagnosis cannot be considered as disorders since such a designation would identify the individual as abnormal and fail to distinguish that each person is unique, and enjoys diversity in body and brain. This is in recognition of the fact that the societal spectrum for ‘baseline’ or ‘normal’ is intrinsically biased thus adding ambiguity to the understanding of psychiatric and mental conditions. Some conditions will not interfere with the patient’s life even as others do so (Fournier & Price, 2014; Holttum, 2014). Still, it is clear that the behavioral changes linked to psychiatric conditions (requiring psychotherapy intervention) can be minimally considered as changes in the brain state. This means that psychotherapy would target changing the brain state to ‘normal’. These sentiments are supported by neuroimaging that has acknowledged changes in particular regions of the brain that are linked with treatment through psychotherapy. As such, it is not hard to accept that applying psychotherapy to treat a psychological conditions basically corrects the brain’s chemical imbalances, with the imbalance neither being viewed as the cause of the behavioral change or a coexisting condition. Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Discussion Essay Example. Rather, independently correcting the balance is a way of returning the brain’s condition to normal (Fournier & Price, 2014). In this respect, the discussed understanding of psychotherapy and how it corrects the chemical imbalances in the brain that can easily be seen through imaging is a clear indication that psychotherapy has a biological basis.

Explain how culture, religion, and socioeconomics might influence one’s perspective of the value of psychotherapy treatments.

Psychotherapy adds the element of self-care to the holistic model of care so that it shifts the aim of care from curative to healing services. This is of importance consideration to culture, religion and socioeconomics since it directly talks to the aspect of relationships (Holttum, 2014). To understand this connection, let us first consider that psychotherapy is intended to reduce symptoms, improve functioning, prevent relapse, and increase empowerment, and achieve the specific collaborative goals set by the patients. At this point, psychotherapy neither views the imbalance (symptoms) as a cause of or coexisting with the ailment. Rather, the imbalance is handled independently. Looking at the holistic model, symptoms are considered as a form of communication that express disharmony and dys-regulation existing within the body. The allopathic model that disregards self-care and psychotherapy would view the symptoms as ‘nuisances’ that should simply be eliminated at the fastest speed through medication. On the other hand, psychotherapy views the symptoms as simply messages that transmit information on the body. By eliminating symptoms, medication is ‘shooting the messenger’. If course, psychotherapy does not eliminate all forms of medication since there are cases when quick relief is necessary to correct a patient’s impaired functioning. In essence, psychotherapy reframes our view of symptoms in relation to an existing problem within the patient’s body and ensures consistency with the mandate for recovery-oriented behavioral care. Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Discussion Essay Example. Tied in to this, it identifies five recovery gold standards that include meaningful role in life, self-responsibility, empowerment, self-esteem, and hope. This makes it clear that psychotherapy focuses on recovery through relationships and partnerships so that the patient acts as the driver for the healing process (Wheeler, 2014). Given the emphasis that psychotherapy places on relationships and partnerships, it can be influenced by culture, religion and socioeconomics that also place emphasis on relationships and partnerships.

References

Fournier, J. C., & Price, R. B. (2014). Psychotherapy and neuroimaging. Psychotherapy: New Evidence and New Approaches, 12(3), 290–298. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4207360/ Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Discussion Essay Example.

Holttum, S. (2014). When bad things happen our brains change but psychotherapy and support can help the recovery of our brains and our lives. Mental Health and Social Inclusion, 18(2), 52–58. doi:10.1108/MHSI-02-2014-0006

Wheeler, K. (Eds.). (2014). Psychotherapy for the advanced practice psychiatric nurse: A how-to guide for evidence-based practice (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company. Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis Discussion Essay Example.

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