Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Family Settings Versus Individual Settings Sample Essay
Review the media, Johnson Family, I am sending the transcript.
Compare the use of cognitive behavioral therapy for families to cognitive behavioral therapy for individuals
Analyze challenges of using cognitive behavioral therapy for families.
Johnson Family Episode 3 Program Transcript
[PEOPLE SOCIALIZING AT PARTY]
MALE SPEAKER: Hey there. How you feeling?
FEMALE SPEAKER: I’m drunk.
MALE SPEAKER: Yes, you are. Here, have some more.
FEMALE SPEAKER: I need to lay down. I don’t feel so good.
MALE SPEAKER: No, no, no, no. Not here. Not here.
FEMALE SPEAKER: Take me home.
MALE SPEAKER: I can’t leave. It’s my frat party. I actually– But I’ll tell you what, let me take you upstairs. You can use my bed. OK? Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Family Settings Versus Individual Settings Sample Essay.
FEMALE SPEAKER: Sure.
MALE SPEAKER: All right. Come on, Talia. I got you.
FEMALE SPEAKER: I remember him lying me down on a bed and then he started kissing me. I think I kissed him back. And then he started taking off my pants. I told him to stop, but I must have passed out. When I woke up later, I didn’t have anything on. I just grabbed my clothes and got the hell out of there. I feel like such a fool. I had too much to drink. I don’t know why I let it happen.
FEMALE SPEAKER: Thank you for sharing. It sounds like you still feel responsible for what happened. Has anyone else had similar feelings about something that’s happened to them?
FEMALE SPEAKER: There was this guy once, I told him no just like you. I told him really loud, but it didn’t matter. He did what he wanted anyway. He raped me. And for some reason, I blamed myself for it. It took a long time and a lot of help to realize I was wrong. It wasn’t my fault. Just like it’s not your fault. That frat boy, he’s the one to blame. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Family Settings Versus Individual Settings Sample Essay.
FEMALE SPEAKER: When it happened to me some of the people in my life, people I loved, they said it was my fault. Said that I shouldn’t have been where I was. Said it wouldn’t have happened otherwise. But it wasn’t my fault. It wasn’t. But to have people that you trust say those things about you, it’s confusing. It hurts.
FEMALE SPEAKER: Thank you for sharing your thoughts and being supportive. It’s important in a group like this.
FEMALE SPEAKER: Is it? Is it really? I’m not so sure. It hurts talking about it like this. It just, it keeps hurting
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a low-intensity psychosocial treatment approach that focuses on addressing the psychological symptoms on the understanding that eliminating them would effectively treat the condition. In essence, CBT works under the premise that the expressed psychological symptoms are all linked to the interaction between emotions, behavior, and thoughts. As such, specifically targeting emotions, behavior, and thoughts will reduce the psychological symptoms expressed (Orgeta et al., 2015; Whitaker & Cosgrove, 2015). The implication is that applying the CBT approach would entail the client working with a therapist to identify and change the emotions, behavior, and thoughts that have been maintaining the depression symptoms. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Family Settings Versus Individual Settings Sample Essay.
At the core of CBT action is the comprehension that addressing the symptoms and underlying conditions is best achieved by accepting that there is a close link between emotions, behavior, and thoughts. Although CBT has found success for individuals, it is postulated that it would achieve better results in a family setting. That is because the majority of psychological problems that individuals face transpire in a family setting and accordingly, the members of the family play a part in initiating, maintaining and exacerbating the problem (Acton, 2013). Still, CBT application in the family setting (unlike the individual setting) has some unique features. Firstly, the decision to undertake CBT for the whole family is typically made by a single family member who is a position of authority. The members not in a position of authority will infrequently refer themselves for therapy (Ekkekakis, 2013). Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Family Settings Versus Individual Settings Sample Essay. Secondly, a family setting presents reinforcers and creates adequate contingencies to bring about enduring and generalizable changes. The family members have more regular interactions (compared to CBT sessions that may occur once or twice in a week) that are more influential and could either sabotage or support therapeutic gains. This is unlike individual therapy that may lack enough reinforcers and does not create adequate contingencies (Cautin & Liliekfeld, 2015). In this respect, CBT application in individual setting is distinctive from its application in a family setting. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Family Settings Versus Individual Settings Sample Essay.
Acton, A. (2013). Major depressive disorders: new insights for the healthcare professional. Atlanta, GA: Scholarly Editions.
Cautin, R. & Lilienfeld, S. (2015). The encyclopedia of clinical psychology, volume II Cli-E. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Ekkekakis, P. (2013). Routledge handbook of physical activity and mental health. New York, NY: Routledge.
Orgeta, V., Qazi, A., Spector, A. & Orrell, M. (2015). Psychological treatments for depression and anxiety in dementia and mild cognitive impairment: systematic review and meta-analysis. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 207(4), 293-298.
Whitaker, R. & Cosgrove, L. (2015). Psychiatry under the influence: institutional corruption, social injury, and prescriptions for reform. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Family Settings Versus Individual Settings Sample Essay.