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Capstone Project Change Proposal – Improving a Fall Prevention Program in a Clinical Environment

Capstone Project Change Proposal – Improving a Fall Prevention Program in a Clinical Environment

Nursing Experts

Capstone Project Change Proposal – Improving a Fall Prevention Program in a Clinical Environment

Capstone Project Change Proposal – Improving a Fall Prevention Program in a Clinical Environment.

Improving a Fall Prevention Program in a Clinical Environment

Falls are very important and preventing these falls are the most important goal and plan for every patient’s safety that encounters healthcare settings.  There are many ways in preventing falls such as new trainings, new bed alarm tones and even hourly rounding. Daily improving to bedside reporting is another suggestion this field of study. Failing to increase measures in implementing change can lead to death and or longer hospitalization stays.  Detecting problems early and adjusting to change will help with improvement of falls. Patients will build confidence and a trusting relationship that will help secure a solid foundation for the healthcare setting.

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Background

University of Louisville Hospital is a Level Trauma 1 Center in the state and nearby surrounding states.  Admissions records over 3,000 patients a year and half of them are from outside of the county. Decreasing patients falls is the most important.  In order to promote this proposition we need to set up teams that are willing to work together and communicate. University of Louisville hospital has had a total of 45 falls this year from January thru May.  According to research, falls have been around for over 50 plus years.  Incident reports are avoided when these happen the best thing is adverse events. Capstone Project Change Proposal – Improving a Fall Prevention Program in a Clinical Environment. Healthcare facilities need to make sure they understand the interventions and not focus on the quantity of falls which is very important. Inpatient fall rates range from 1.7 to 25 falls per 1,000 patient days, depending on the care area, with geropsychiatric patients having the highest risk (NCBI, 2007).  Falls inpatient has increased in some facilities. The facility that I am employed at fall cases have decreased through interventions and hourly rounding.  Falls may never be fixed but we can all work together to decrease the chances and give the proper teachings.

 

Problem Statement

            According to research falls have been around for over 50 plus years.  Incident reports are avoided when these happen the best thing is adverse events. Falls in hospital are associated with excess financial and opportunity costs (Oxford Academic, 2008).  The majority of falls in healthcare facilities are patients over 70 years of age and the youth between 18-39 years of age. Falls inpatient has increased in some facilities and this is why interventions are needed. Falls can be very costly towards everyone’s pockets and also their health.  Prolonged hospital and even injuries such as fractures and death can occur if proper precautions are not in place. Liabilities can also occur which can cost the hospital more funds than actually receiving to improve better care.   Consequently, various hospitals falls, prevention programs have been implemented in the last decades (BMC Health Services Research, 2006). Capstone Project Change Proposal – Improving a Fall Prevention Program in a Clinical Environment. Fall cases have decrease over time at the facility that I am employed at and this was all through hourly rounding and building a rapport with you patients.  We as a team can always help fix the issues at hand, falls may never be completely solved but they can be decreased through teamwork and dedication. Falls may never be fixed but we can all work together to decrease the chances and survival rates through proper teachings and statistical facts.

 Change Proposal

            In order to promote safety and prevent falls within all healthcare facilities the plan of care that promotes, reassurance, full assessment and communication. The purpose to change fall prevention strategies in our facility is to decrease falls and provide advance care through evidence based research. The proper education and research will introduce more expected outcomes. There will be some challenges and barriers that may interfere with this intervention.  There will be multiple ways that this research will be used in order to be successful.  Encouraging engagement and participation will affect the quality improvement process such as implementing small scale demonstrations which are less difficult to manage. Capstone Project Change Proposal – Improving a Fall Prevention Program in a Clinical Environment. Small-scale demonstrations or small tests of change also allow you to refine the new processes, demonstrate their impact on practices and outcomes, and build increased support by stakeholders (AHRQ, 2017). It is important to understand that many changes will be made along the way and learning from these experiences will help with adding change to any obstacles that take place.

 

PICOT

PICOT is used to help people clarify answers for any problems they may encounter. This will be used in research and evidence based practices that can be used and implemented on a daily basis. The P in PICOT stands for the population or specific cohort that is included in the study.  The I in PICOT stand for the interventions that are used for in treatments during this study.  The C in PICOT stands for the comparison in the study of research. The O in PICOT stands for the objectives in the research study. The T stands for the time frame which is not always included in the Capstone Project Change Proposal – Improving a Fall Prevention Program in a Clinical Environment study.

The inpatient population such as the sick and elderly (P) for the study of prevention in falls in an inpatient setting. The intervention (I) for this study and intervention of falls is the revision of the post debriefing forms and training for bedside report along with hourly rounding. The comparison (C) in this study is to reduce the risk for falls such as hourly rounding and improved training for staff. The outcome (O) for this study is to reduce falls in an inpatient facility. The time frame (T) in this study would be decreasing of falls over a three to six month period.

 

Literature Search

            Falls can be related to intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Intrinsic factors are disorders, mental problems anything that is preventable through health. Extrinsic factors are made up of environmental things such as spills, rugs, and cluttered areas. All falls are important and it’s even more important to understand the causes.  Morse falls scale is very important and our hospital uses this scale for every patient that is admitted to the hospital. Medical errors are another way falls can occur.  Nurses or even ancillary staff may forget to give a patient a call light and patient may have to use the restroom and attempt to get up and fall. Making sure that the patient has worked with physical therapy and communication has been documented and transcribed accurately. Identifying those at risk allows targeted assessment and intervention such as a review of medications and environmental modifications (BMC Medicine, 2004). Capstone Project Change Proposal – Improving a Fall Prevention Program in a Clinical Environment.

Falls can be very costly towards everyone’s pockets and also their health.  Prolonged hospital and even injuries such as fractures and death can occur if proper precautions are not in place. Liabilities can also occur which can cost the hospital more funds than actually receiving to improve better care.   Consequently, various hospitals falls, prevention programs have been implemented in the last decades (BMC Health Services Research, 2006).  Coming up with reasoning to why a person fall is the leading answer to the problem.  Every patient is different and their reasons are going to be different as well so making sure that the proper assessment is given then falls should be prevented.

 

Literature Evaluation

Information that was collected from journals and articles to help promote fall preventions in an inpatient facility has been very beneficial. There are so many issues that can relate to falls such as bad lightening, shoes are not flat, irregular eye exams and even clothing that’s  not fitting appropriately can help with falls.  Understanding the causes of falls is very important and factual. The older population tends to have a higher risk for falls then that of the youth population. Falls also occur often among older people in hospital and the sickly ill patients. Our hospital uses the Morse Falls scale to assess every patient that is admitted into our doors which is part of a detail assessment of the patient.  Medical errors are another way falls can occur which is caused by either shortage of nurses, work overload or even lack of education.  Nurses or even ancillary staff may have times where they may not give the patient a call light and then the patient may attempt to get up and fall which can lead to death or even broken bones.  It’s also relevant that patients have worked with ancillary staff such as physical therapy and other therapies that play a role in activities of daily living. Communication is very important and vital information that has to be documented and transcribed accurately; if not, then many errors can occur. There are many suggestions such as bed alarming sounds changing and a new call light sound becoming more distinct giving that familiar sound to focus on the patient. Orienting the patient through assessments every 2-4 hours throughout shift depending on level of consciousness will help with fall preventions. Fall rates will decrease in our inpatient medical surgical and progressive care units. Focusing on post fall forms will help after the revision take place and orienting all staff new and old will help with the these goals of safety and reliability. Capstone Project Change Proposal – Improving a Fall Prevention Program in a Clinical Environment. Coming up with reasoning to why a person fall is the leading answer to the problem.  Every patient is different and their reasons are going to be different as well so making sure that the proper assessment is given then falls should be prevented.

Patient engagement is another suggestion if it’s going to prevent falls in the future.  Introducing safety huddles have been suggested to reduce fall in hospitals which helps with communication and knowing each patient. Intentional rounding will help with patients that are at higher risk of falling. Falls inpatient has increased in some facilities. The facility that I am employed at fall cases have decreased through interventions and hourly rounding.  Falls may never be fixed but we can all work together to decrease the chances and give the proper teachings.  Falls seem to be one of the most major problems in older adults.  In the United States one in three people aged 65 or more living in the community fall at least once a year (BMJ, 2006).  Research and clinical programs in hospital fall prevention should pay more attention to study design and the nature of interventions (Wiley Online Library, 2015).  Research will be very beneficial to the hospital and the elderly population. Collecting all information on the patient will help with eliminating falls. Capstone Project Change Proposal – Improving a Fall Prevention Program in a Clinical Environment. 

Nursing Theory

Nursing theories are very important when implementing evidence base practices.    There will be two change theories that will be factored in this healthcare setting. Model and role model theory has it’s concept from Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development. Erickson’s theory helps nurses care for their patients by recognizing each individual’s uniqueness, and focusing on the individual patient’s needs (Nursing Theory, 2016).   It is also a self-care method of nursing, which means it is based on the patient’s perceptions of the environment, and adapts based on individual stressors for that patient (Nursing Theory, 2016). Understanding the patient in order to maintain safety measures will help reach goals and also allow the patient to feel secure.

            Next theory that can help with the improvement of this research will be the novice to expert theory.  Patricia Benner developed a concept known as “From Novice to Expert.” This concept explains that nurses develop skills and an understanding of patient care over time from a combination of a strong educational foundation and personal experiences (Nursing Theory, 2016).  She was based off of clinical experience through learning the patient over time. This Theory had five levels novice, advance beginners, competent, proficient, and expert. Different levels of skills will show the changes that need to take place in the healthcare facilities (Nursing Theory, 2016).  Both theories are both beneficial in learning the patient’s cognitive skills and also building a confidence in each individual allowing them to heal and be safe. Changes are instilled in both theories and depending on the changes in the future. Capstone Project Change Proposal – Improving a Fall Prevention Program in a Clinical Environment.

 Implementation

            Medicines have side effects understanding these effects and communicating with your doctor along with the nurse the feelings that you are experiencing will help prevent any cases of falls.  Nurse need to make sure that the call light is in reach and they give the proper teaching of what medicine they are giving their patient along with an understanding.  Routine rounding is very important in the hospital which can be shared amongst the nurse and nursing assistant.  Blood pressure medications are one of the most serious falls because of the dizziness that it can cause.  Making sure the patient has proper footwear can also prevent falls, non skid socks and even slippers will help. Making sure the patient has a bed alarm under the patients and patients are aware of the call light being in reach. Capstone Project Change Proposal – Improving a Fall Prevention Program in a Clinical Environment.

Collecting all information on the patient will help with eliminating falls.  We as nurses need to make sure that patients with the need for assistance devices need to be close to the nurse station and teachings on falls every hour when rounding. Patient that are on many prescriptions need to understand that side effects can really cause falls and that’s not good. Bring the entire team together and communicate will help with fall preventions. Making sure that a checklist is in place will help with less falls and more awareness. The Morse falls scale will help with understanding the risk of falls per patient.  Making sure you understand the goal and also include everyone in the plan with an open mind will help with the benefits of the research project. Educational presentations would be presented to the healthcare and ancillary staff. This would be to help staff get a clearer perspective and also more education on fall preventions. A revision of the post fall briefing form adding more detail information will be applied to help with teamwork.

 

Potential Barriers

            Changes brought to the surface will be one of the most difficult challenges on the units at work. This will have a big impact on the implementation strategies.  Lacking structural guidelines and trainings can prevent falls from decreasing. Communication lacking between therapist and staff on each individualized patient can also prevent a change from occurring. Considering time is another barrier that can occur with falls and patient’s timing, how often they’re getting up and the time they’re falling. Physicians will not look at this situation as important as diagnosis which is another barrier that can prevent changes to occur. Interference of parents and visitors can also be a hindrance of growth within the plan of care of the patient. Some older people considered using assistive devices, such as walking frames, as a stigma, because they believe that using such aids is a sign of weakness and reflects a change in one’s self image (BMJ Open, 2015). One HCP perceived that older people normalized falls and consider them to be part of the normal ageing process. He felt that older people disregarded falls because they believed they were inevitable in old age (BMJ Open, 2015). Capstone Project Change Proposal – Improving a Fall Prevention Program in a Clinical Environment. Living situations outside of the facility is another barrier that can occur which the design of the house and the inadequate space for assistive devices.  Admitting weaknesses and balance issues is another difficult task to get through, patients tend to be in denial of any issues they may be having. We as nurses and healthcare staff need to make sure that we have the knowledge and skills in managing falls in order to deliver a safe environment.

  

References

O., D., P., A., G., L., . . . G. (2008, October 01). Systematic review and meta-analysis of studies

using the STRATIFY tool for prediction of falls in hospital patients: How well does it work? | Age and Ageing | Oxford Academic. Retrieved from https://academic.oup.com/ageing/article/37/6/621/40889

Section 4: Ways to Approach the Quality Improvement Process. (2015, November 16). Retrieved from https://www.ahrq.gov/cahps/quality-improvement/improvement-guide/4-approach-qi-process/index.html Capstone Project Change Proposal – Improving a Fall Prevention Program in a Clinical Environment.

Bühler, H., Geest, S. D., & Milisen, K. (2006, June 07). Falls and consequent injuries in

hospitalized patients: Effects of an interdisciplinary falls prevention program. Retrieved from https://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6963-6-69

 

Papaioannou, A., Parkinson, W., Cook, R., Ferko, N., Coker, E., & Adachi, J. D. (2004, January

21). Prediction of falls using a risk assessment tool in the acute care setting. Retrieved from https://bmcmedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1741-7015-2-1

 

Oliver, D. (2007, January 11). Strategies to prevent falls and fractures in hospitals and care

homes and effect of cognitive impairment: Systematic review and meta-analyses. Retrieved from https://www.bmj.com/content/334/7584/82

 

Oliver, D., Hopper, A., & Seed, P. (2015, April 27). Do Hospital Fall Prevention Programs

Work? A Systematic Review. Retrieved from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2000.tb03883.x

 

“Patricia Benner Novice to Expert – Nursing Theorist.” Biographies of Nursing Theorists and Their Work – Nursing Theory, 2016, nursing-theory.org/nursing-theorists/Patricia-Benner.php.

 

“Helen Erickson – Nursing Theorist.” Environmental Theory – Nursing Theory, 2016, www.nursing-theory.org/nursing-theorists/Helen-C-Erickson.php.

 

Loganathan, Annaletchumy, et al. “Barriers Faced by Healthcare Professionals When Managing Falls in Older People in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: a Qualitative Study.” BMJ Open, British Medical Journal Publishing Group, 1 Nov. 2015, bmjopen.bmj.com/content/5/11/e008460. Capstone Project Change Proposal – Improving a Fall Prevention Program in a Clinical Environment.

Professional Capstone and Practicum
Details This is a writing-intensive course. The
professional capstone practicum project offers
students the opportunity to propose a resolution
to an issue or problem significant to nursing
practice within a clinical environment. Students
identify, design, and propose an evidence-based
solution within a health care organization with
guidance from faculty and a preceptor in the
field. The proposal must reflect synthesis and
integration of course content and professional
practice. Development of the capstone project
is guided by the baccalaureate program student
learning outcomes. Practice immersion hours: 100.
Prerequisites: NRS-430V, NRS-429VN, NRS-434VN,
NRS-427VN, NRS-433V, PHI-413V, NRS-451VN,
NRS-410V, and NRS-440VN.
Credit Hours 6.0
PreRequisites NRS-430V, NRS-429VN, NRS-434VN, NRS-427VN,
NRS-433V, PHI-413V, NRS-451VN, NRS-410V, and
NRS-440VN
coRequisites None
Course Add-Ons Additional Material
Other
Optional: Publication Manual of the American
Psychological Association
For additional information, the following is
recommended: Current version of the Publication
Manual of the American Psychological Association.
GCU has made APA templates and other resources
available within the Student Success Center as
well as in the GCU Library. However, be aware that
a more complete APA Manual can be purchased at
your own expense. To order the APA manual, please
visit the American Psychological Association.
http://apa.org
Other
The Practice Immersion Experience
Review the "The Practice Immersion
Experience" resource to familiarize yourself
with the requirements for course assignments
and programmatic course components required to
successfully complete this course and the RN-toBSN program of study.
Electronic Resource
Guidelines for Undergraduate Field Experiences
Review the Guidelines for Undergraduate Field
Experiences resource in the Student Success
Center. This material contains important
information for your clinical experience,
including evaluation guidelines, the Clinical Site
Visit Application, and the Clinical Hour Tracking
Sheet for BSN Students Capstone Project Change Proposal – Improving a Fall Prevention Program in a Clinical Environment.
Electronic Resource
Nursing and Health Sciences Research Guides
View "Nursing and Health Sciences Research
Guides," located on the Grand Canyon
University website. This is a discipline-specific
research guide to assist you with your research.
In particular, seek out the "Evidence-Based
Practice (EBP)" tab in the LibGuide for
highly specific information pertinent to the
capstone project.
http://libguides.gcu.edu/Nursing
Electronic Resource
Evaluating Websites
View "Evaluating Websites," located on
the Grand Canyon University website. This tutorial
will explain how to evaluate websites for content
that you can trust.
http://tutorials.gcumedia.com/
evaluatingWebTutorial/interactiveIndex.html
Other
Practice Immersion Clinical Tools
The attached document contains all three
required Practice Immersion Clinical Tools. The
"Practice Immersion Clinical Evaluation
Tool – Student" will be completed by the
student’s Course Mentor and the faculty at the
course conclusion. The "Practice Immersion
Clinical Evaluation Tool – Mentor" will be
completed by the student and submitted to the
course faculty at the course conclusion. The
"Practice Immersion Clinical Evaluation Tool
– Agency" will be completed by students and
validated by faculty in regards to the clinical
site, and will also be submitted to course faculty
at the course conclusion.
Electronic Resource
Qualified Mentor/Preceptor Summary Form
Review the "Qualified Mentor/Preceptor
Summary Form" resource, located in the
Student Success Center. Use the "Qualified
Mentor/Preceptor Summary Form" as part of the
Topic 1 Course Mentor Identification and Approval
Process assignment requirements.
Other
Field Experience Site Information Form
Use the "Field Experience Site Information
Form" as part of the Topic 1 Course Mentor
Identification and Approval Process assignment
requirements.
Other
Practicum Hours Requirements for Washington
Registered Nurses
If you are a registered nurse in Washington, your
practicum experience must include a minimum of 50
hours in a community health setting.
Other
NRS-490 Course Objectives
During this course, the student will: Work
constructively with patients, communities,
organizational leadership, and other change
agents to improve practice within health care
settings. Apply Healthy People 2020 principles
in nursing practice. Synthesize nursing knowledge
and concepts into an evidence-based change
proposal for an issue or problem relevant to
nursing practice and population health outcomes.
Identify resources required to implement a
clinical change in nursing practice. Communicate
information and strategies to stakeholders in
order to implement and sustain an evidence-based
change proposal. Determine reliable methods to
measure the effectiveness of an evidence-based
change proposal project in achieving the intended
outcomes.
Topics
Topic 1: Change Proposal Subject
and Purpose Identification 1
Duration: 7 days
Description:
The first step in developing an evidence-based practice change
proposal is to identify an issue or problem to address. In this topic,
students will learn what resources are required and what skills they
will need to employ in order to create and deliver a robust capstone
practicum proposal.
Objectives:
1. Identify problems, issues, and opportunities to improve patient
care, patient outcomes, and organizational procedures within a
clinical practice setting.
2. Examine a health care clinical problem or an organization issue and
its implications to nursing practice.
3. Determine evidence-based solutions that address patient-care or
clinical practice quality problems or issues.
4. Analyze health care clinical problems and organizational issues
utilizing the PICO(T) process
5. Demonstrate values consistent with the role of a nursing
professional through fundamental knowledge and advanced skills.
Topic Material:
Other
6. Individual Success Plan
Review this resource to familiarize yourself with the requirements for
the Individual Success Plan (ISP) assignment in this topic.
Website
7. Optional: GCU Library Webinar Sign Up
For additional information, the following is recommended: Review
the webinar information offered by the GCU Library. From the
"Webinars & Workshops: Webinar Calendar" page, select
the "Category" tab and scroll down to the Nursing and Health
Sciences selection. Webinar participation is optional.
Electronic Resource
8. Guidelines for Undergraduate Field Experiences
Review the Guidelines for Undergraduate Field Experiences resource
in the Student Success Center. This material contains important
information for your clinical experience, including evaluation
guidelines, the Clinical Site Visit Application, and the Clinical Hour
Tracking Sheet for BSN Students.
Electronic Resource
9. Qualified Mentor/Preceptor Summary Form
Review the "Qualified Mentor/Preceptor Summary Form"
resource, located in the Student Success Center. Use the
"Qualified Mentor/Preceptor Summary Form" as part of the
Topic 1 Course Mentor Identification and Approval Process assignment
requirements.
Other
10. Field Experience Site Information Form
Use the "Field Experience Site Information Form" as part
of the Topic 1 Professional Capstone and Practicum Documentation
assignment requirements.
Other
11. Practicum Hours Requirements for Washington Registered Nurses
If you are a registered nurse in Washington, your practicum experience
must include a minimum of 50 hours in a community health setting.
Other
12. Scholarly Activity Summary
You may use the "Scholarly Activity Summary" resource to
help guide the preparation of the Scholarly Activities assignment, due
in Topic 10.
Electronic Resource
13. Adopting Evidence-Based Practice in Clinical Decision making: Nurses’ Perceptions, Knowledge, and Barriers
Read “Adopting Evidence-Based Practice in Clinical Decision making:
Nurses’ Perceptions, Knowledge, and Barriers,” by Majid, Schubert,
Luyt, Zhang, Theng, Chang, and Mokhtar, from the Journal of the Medial
Library Association (2011).
Electronic Resource
14. Nurses, Information Use, and Clinical Decision Making – the Real World Potential for Evidence-Based Decisions in
Nursing
Read “Nurses, Information Use, and Clinical Decision Making – the Real
World Potential for Evidence-Based Decisions in Nursing,” by Thompson,
Cullum, McCaughan, Sheldon, and Raynor, from the BMJ website (2004).
Electronic Resource
15. Evidence-Based Practice or Practice-Based Evidence: What’s in a Name?
Read "Evidence-Based Practice or Practice-Based Evidence: What’s
in a Name?" by McKeon and McKeon, from International Journal of
Athletic Therapy & Training (2015).
Electronic Resource
16. Nurses, Information Use, and Clinical Decision Making – the Real World Potential for Evidence-Based Decisions in
Nursing
Read "Nurses, Information Use, and Clinical Decision Making – the
Real World Potential for Evidence-Based Decisions in Nursing,"
by Thompson, Cullum, McCaughan, Sheldon, and Raynor, from the BMJ
Journals website (2004).
Gradable Items Details Points Possible
Assignment Professional Capstone and Practicum
Documentation
The Professional Capstone and Practicum
course requires students to
select a course mentor. This mentor is
not a preceptor, but an
individual who will guide students as
they work to complete the
practice immersion hour requirements
for this course. Students are not
required to "shadow" their
mentor.
The course mentor should be someone who
can provide professional
development knowledge and guidance and
who possesses a genuine
interest in working with students to
further their academic goals.
Selection, approval, and retention of a
course mentor must be
completed as soon as possible at the
start of this course, as this
individua

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